Dermatology refers to the study of the skin.

Both dogs and cats often show signs of different types of skin problems – and they can be caused by something as simple as a flea bite, on up to various types of hormonal disorders

You should book an appointment for your furry family member if you notice any excessive itchy behavior, loss of hair, or the presence of scabs or scale on the skin.

A diagnosis might simply require an examination by a veterinarian. Other skin diseases or problems can require additional steps to accurately identify the problem.

These additional diagnostic procedures might include blood work, urinalysis, skin scraping, or biopsies.

Your pet’s skin is composed of three primary layers:

  • the epidermis, which provides waterproofing and serves as a barrier to infection;
  • the dermis, which serves as a location for the appendages of skin; and
  • the hypodermis (subcutaneous adipose layer).